Genealogy of the families Helder/Heller and Bakema from the province of Groningen , the Netherlands.
This page is dedicated to the genealogy of the Helder/Heller and Bakema families, originating from the "Hogeland" part (especially Marne and Halfambt) of the province of Groningen (the Netherlands).
Map according to Jansonius 1658 of Hogeland Area with Marnensis (=Marne) and HalueAmpt (= Halfambt).
My name is Willem Helder born in Groningen at 26-07-1942 and the two surnames Helder and Bakema refer to my paternal grandfather WillemHelder born 30-07-1887 in Leens, and to my paternal grandmother IetjeBakema born 21-03-1888 in Bedum. Their ancestries are the first priority in my research.
Probably associated with the fact that in the local Groningen language
the name Helder is usually pronounced as
it occurred that even brothers and sisters were recorded with as surnames either Heller or Helder.
The Helder/Heller family lived originally in "Hogeland" villages such as Pieterburen,Leens, Ulrum, Houwerzijl, Hornhuizen, Zuurdijk etc. without significant migration to other Dutch provinces. In the period of roughly 1850-1910 there was considerable emigration to the USA, possibly related to declining agricultural profits and poor working conditions, but surely also by religious quarrels which led to separation from the "mainstream" protestant church and establishment of a separate community in 1834 ("Afgescheidenen") of which many members, on the initiative of their leading ministers, settled in the USA (Michigan). Also many Heller/Helder's emigrated, especially to Michigan, and this is why this page is in English.
So far the Helder family starts with the couple Jan Jacobs x ImkeSijgers, married in 1694 in Pieterburen.
- the file Jan Jacobs contains the first two generations
- in the file Jacob Jans (born 1697 Pieterburen), son of Jan Jacobs and ImkeSijgers, his descendants are given. His son Jan Jacobs (born 1721 Wierhuizen,Pieterburen) is since 1757 in the records indicated with the surname HELDER.
- in the file PeterJans(born
1695 Pieterburen) , also son of Jan
Jacobs and ImkeSijgers,
the descendants of Peter Jans and AnjeJans
(born 1699 Wehe) are given. In a report
of a lawsuit made at 29 April 1747 Peter Jans
is indicated with the surname HELDER,sofar the
oldest record of this surname for my family.
The file contains considerable data on immigrants to Illinois and especially to Michigan. The couple Jan Jacobs Helder (born 1823 Houwerzijl) x AlbertjeTimmer (born 1818 Zuurdijk) arrived in MI in 1856 and they were the basis of a large Helder family in MI.
AnjeBerendsHelder (born 1808 Leens) x KlaasJans Hof(f)man with their children arrived in 1848 in Michigan. Their doughter Helena (born 1837 Leens) married in MI to Albertus C. van Raalte, son of Rev. van Raalte, who founded the Holland Colony in Michigan.
In 1811 DrewesLevys
accepted BAKEMA as familyname. His father
and mother were Levi Jacobs and GrietjeDrewes.
They resided in the village of Eenrum, but
a church record of their marriage was not found, perhaps associated with
the Jewish background of Levi Jacobs. DrewesLevys
(Bakema) and his sister Fijtje
were baptized in Eenrum on 30 March 1806
when they were 36 years and 39 years old respectively. In the baptismal
records it is explicitly stated that they had a Jewish father.
The data on the Levi/Bakema family are summarized in four files: the first file contains the oldest data on the first two generations, and there are three files on the descendants of the three brothers David-, Drewes-, and EilkeLevysBakema.
- The first two generations of the Levy/Bakema family in Eenrum/Pieterburen.
- Descendants of David LevysBakema.
David (born 1761 Eenrum) was a carpenter. In the next generations many were craftsmen (carpenters, shoemakers and tailors) and in later generations intellectual professions (physicians, teachers, accountants) became important. My grandmother IetjeBakema (born 1887 in Bedum) descended from David Levys.
- Descendants of DrewesLevysBakema.
Drewes (born 1769 Eenrum) was first a butcher in Eenrum and later a carpenter in Pieterburen and built together with his father in law (RinnePieters) the tower of the church in Pieterburen as we can read today on the memorial inscription attached to the tower.
The above text says (in Dutch): "Anno 1805 heeft Jhr Goosen Geurt Alberda, Hr van Dijksterhuis etc. deze toren laten bouwen. Harmannus Havinga, kerkvoogd en schoolmeester te Pieterburen heeft op den 20 Mei de eerste steen gelegd. M. Wallis van Groningen is architekt hierover geweest. Rinne Pieters, Harm Finkeles en Drews Levi hebben het werk vervaardigt".
Also the interior of the church in Eenrum was restored by him and Harm Finkeles in 1811-1812. The contract for this work was signed by him as "DrieuwesLevides".
- Descendants of EilkeLevysBakema.
EilkeLevys (born 1778 Eenrum) and his household were obviously rather poor. In 1821 they left the province of Groningen and were housed in the "Kolonie van Weldadigheid" inVledder/Frederiksoord in the province of Drenthe. This institute was established to house and educate pauperized families from all over the Netherlands with governmental help. Families got a small house, clothing and tools to learn farming. Many of Eilkes descendants married with other "colonists". Some stayed in the province of Drenthe and others settled in the province of Utrecht and Noord Holland (Hilversum, Baarn, Laren).
I started my research in 1997 and the present database contains about 14500 persons. The data accumulation was not only carried out by searching the archives, but also by communicating and searching on the Internet. In 1999 a number of "Hogeland" genealogists shared their knowledge on a common website concerning the Helder family and this made it possible to connect many Helder fragments into one large database. My thanks for this go especially to SjouwkeNube, MenneGlas, and RijkHelder. JurVisser (Haarlem) exchanged a wealth of data on the Bakema family.
For comments and responses (very much appreciated!!) mail me: firstname.lastname@example.org
Last update: 19 November 2012.